The Atari VCS or the 2600 belongs to the oldest squadron of gaming consoles. It had been launched in 70’s and it was a big commercial success. It had color graphics chip able to display lots of colors, good sound and, obviously a plenty of cool games. The hardware is very limited, though, and all the 8-bitters from the 80’s are far away behind the VCS. But that limited hardware gave a unique taste to all VCS games. At first, games were produced by Atari itself but then a bunch of people left Atari and started their own game company, Activision. They started producing very cool games and became, among the others, the VCS game developing leaders. Today, I’d like to review one of their game that I like very much: Enduro.

Enduro is an early racing game using pseudo 3D motion. You control a supercar that has to overtake a number of cars. Then comes the next round but with limited time and so on. You’re driving trough day times from the noon, afternoon, evening and night to the morning and even a you even meet snowy and foggy sections. All of this is repeating but as fast as you drive, the bigger bonus you get when you overtake all required cars. In the night, you see just red stop lamps of the cars and then the horizon of visibility is limited so you must slow down. On the icy road the steering is more difficult.

The graphics is good for the 2600. Activision set the VCS games graphics standard to a new level and this game is one of them. On the bottom there’s Activision rainbow logo, above it are information about score, level and number of cars remaining to overtake. In the middle of the screen there’s main playfield displaying a nice 3D road with your car and the opponents. On the top there are mountains scrolling as the road turns left or right. The background color of the playfield and the top part is varying according to what time you’re driving, i.e. day, evening, night, deep night, fog, snow, morning, etc. It nicely demonstrates the VCS’s nice color capability. Sounds aren’t bad as well. There’s a really strong engine buzz sound of your car and some other whistles when you crash. A simple melody plays when you reach the level’s end.

The game is incredibly fast. You can drive like a mad man, and if you have enough perception, you reach your goal pretty soon. As fast you drive, as crazier the game play is. When you crash to an opponent car, your car is put on the side of the road and you must speed up again. The opponent cars go in three lanes and it’s extremely hard to zigzag between them in high speed. It’s even harder in the fog course, because you see only rear lights and the fog is so dense that the visibility of the lights is reduced. All in all, the game play is about fast driving and adrenaline when passing other cars in a high speed. When you reach the goal of 300 overtaken cars, you have to complete the route till another morning when the car countdown begins again and the game level increases.

Enduro is very addictive game, fast like hell and it’s surely a gem in everyone’s VCS game cartridge collection. It’s nicely done, squeezing the limited hardware toughly to bring the player really good driving experience.

Wroom, wroom! Get on, start the engine, gear up, ready for the green light, release the brake, start! That’s what a good motorcycle race should look like at the beginning. In Super Cycle by Epyx it’s almost exact. Let’s talk about it more.

What It Is About

The game has been made by the American developer Epyx in 1986 for the Commodore 64 computer, and this version is the best of all the 8-bit versions. The game was released for the 16-bit Atari ST as well, but we’ll focus on the 8-bit stuff here.

The game itself is… well, a regular racing game. With motorbikes. Your aim is to win the race against other bikes, reach the best score and not to run out of time. The main race starts immediately, no qualifying. After every three ordinary racing circuits – every single one in different environment – there’s a bonus round where you pick little flags that someone had put on the road.

The Gameplay

Especially on the C64, the gameplay is very smooth and fast. You can clearly see that a turn is coming, and the opponents are kinda intelligent. They tend to block your way when you’re trying to overtake them. The centrifugal force throws your bike to the side, and you have to stabilize the optimal position. The bike has three gears, and they have to be changed optimally. Therefore there’s a tachometer and the handle should never get to the red area. If everything goes clear and you get the finish line, you get extra points depending on the time you reached or amount of flags you picked up in the bonus round. In the main menu you can choose from one of three difficulties. The highest one is really tough and you really have to study the turn order to drive through. The time limit is tighter as well.

What makes the game good is the fast, yet smooth gameplay. Driving a bike running 140 MPH is really enjoyable. This applies to the original version on the C64. The other 8-bit versions have their, let’s say, disadvantages. Some of them are pretty worrying.

Conversion Differences

I’ll give you an example: on the Amstrad CPC, oppenent bikes can scoot you down from rear, so when you crash and try to speed the bike up again, you must take care of your back not to be kicked down. The game looks good, though. The only superficial difference is in sounds. The game physics is different, too, so if you’ve just switched from the C64 version to test the CPC game, you’ll probably notice huge differences in the gameplay. However, this doesn’t affect the CPC version in its complexity much. The game is just a little different, not in a bad sense, and it’s still an excellent conversion made by U.S. Gold.

The Spectrum

The British U.S. Gold has converted this game to the Spectrum as well. The result is satisfying, but not perfect. It was done in a hurry, as far as I know, the authors had just one day to finish the conversion. But having this in mind, the result is pretty astounding. The gameplay is not as catchy as on the C64 or CPC, though. First, everything is way too slow. Second, there are traffic signs telling the turn is near, but the player doesn’t see the beginning of the turn at all! Simply, you just ride and suddenly there’s a left or right turn. Third, the flags in the bonus round don’t make any sensible path, so you must a) remember their positions or b) be quick and try to pick all of them, which isn’t that easy. But the most unpleasant feature of the Spectrum conversion is that the game never ends. You just play round and round till 99999 points and then the score counter displays random characters and you’re still going on. No victory here.


Super Cycle is a catchy, fast, pacey motorbike racing game that is worth a try mainly on the Commodore 64, but the CPC version also plays well. The Spectrum loses big time here, although it contains quite nicely drawn graphics. To get the most of it, grab the C64 version. Then try comparing. At the end, I think you’ll get back to the Commodore.


I thought about the right title for this review for a long time. Only to realize that it doesn’t need any. Sam’s Journey is probably the most talked about Commodore 64 game of the recent years. It dares to inject console gaming principles into 8-bit gaming. Checkpoints. Game saves. Level scores. Loads of content. And who hasn’t heard of the authors’ gamble and their developing the game not in their spare time but sometimes as a half-time, sometimes full-time job? Unlike some other reviewers, played the game from start to finish, so we base our review on the full experience.

Biggest 8-bit jump and run of all time. 30 hours of captivating content. Zero bugs. Buy it. Play it! Love it!!!



A little boy named Sam wakes up in the middle of the night (or does he?) to some loud noise and bright light leaking through the door of his wardrobe from the inside. He opens it, and a giant claw appears, grabs him, and throws him into a strange land.

If it sounds kinda familiar, it sounds right. Sam’s Journey is one giant nod to the legendary The Great Giana Sisters, from collecting diamonds to getting rid of enemies by jumping on their heads and the advert saying “The Sisters Are History” (deeper than some might think, as Giana’s slogan was “The Brothers Are History”). Except that Sam’s Journey scrolls in 8 directions (Giana just left to right), offers almost 60 huge (think Turrican level size) maps, and countless enemies.


Each circle on the path stands for a level consisting of 2-3 big maps.

The game’s coder, Chester Kollschen, and graphician, Stefan Gutsch, are no novices to game making. Ice Guys are still cute after all those years, Stroke World doesn’t stop amazing with its crazy story and the main character animated in some 170 sprites, Bomb Mania is still many a party’s favorite multiplayer game. They chose to take take the classic 8-bit cuteness and playability, and up it with the good bits the modern-times gaming brought, like more content and less frustration.

Concerning content, there’s tons of it in Sam. 27 levels, all of them multi-load (2 or 3 maps), 3 boss fights, and a lengthy animated intro and end sequence.

Long games sometimes run the risk of overstaying their welcome. It’s happened to me too many times on the PC that I was totally ready for a game to end, but it still threw more of the same at me. It’s not the case of Sam though. Sam is perfectly aware of that, and the authors do their best to make the game as variable as possible.


Basically, you can play Sam two ways: either just find the exit and get out as soon as possible or try to collect all of the 40 diamonds, 10 coins, and 3 trophies that are placed in each level. A diamond counts as 1%, a coin is 3%, and a trophy counts for 10% in the level score (don’t ask me why a coin is more valuable than a diamond of roughly the same size), adding up to 100%.


By the way, before you start playing Sam, you should really read the manual, otherwise you might not get the most out his seven forms. Yes, seven! Apart from his little boy persona, he can collect “costumes”, as the game calls them, that give him special abilities. Pirate Sam has a sword with which you can dispatch most of the enemies, Ninja Sam can cling to walls, Pitcher Sam can throw objects fast and far, Space Sam has a jetpack that allows him to make double jumps, Disco Sam (whom I promptly dubbed Elvis) twists in the air, allowing him to stay airborne longer (a feature that looks like it’s escaped from Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams), and Vampire Sam (aka Dracula in my personal vocabulary) can change into a bat and fly for a while.

Left to right, up to down: Boy (default) Sam, Pirate Sam, Ninja Sam, Pitcher Sam, Space Sam, Disco Sam, Vampire Sam, and flying Vampire Sam

If all you want to do is enjoy the game and see all the levels, you should stick to Dracula, as flying will help you to make a lot of shortcuts and avoid most of the enemies. Only in very few levels you will need the Ninja to get you through a high vertical passage. If you want to reach 100% score in every level, sooner or later you’ll need the other costumes too. Here a coin is hidden in a chest that you’ll need to open with a sword, there only the Ninja can climb up a chimney, or the Pitcher throw a rock so that it will hit an otherwise inaccessible diamond. The Pitcher is the least useful–you’ll really need him only twice, I think, but he’s also pretty good when it comes to boss fights. But as you don’t need him otherwise, you probably won’t practice with him enough to really utilize him against the bosses. Anyway, the best way to enjoy the game is not to try to stick to one particular costume, even if you like it best, and just enjoy the variability as you go through the level.

Any costume also serves as an extra life. If an enemy hits you and you’re wearing a costume, you lose the costume and go on as Sam the boy. If you’re hit in your boy form, you can either return to the last checkpoint or restart the level as a whole. After completing a level you can save your game. And you can always restart any of the levels you’ve been through before to improve your score there.

As I mentioned the manual, there’s one sentence there that’s very easy to overlook: “Some switches are portable and can be moved to more useful locations.” Remember it when it looks like you can never reach the portal before the switch with a timer switches back.


There’s one 8-bit quality that’s hard to in the PC world–stuff working out of the box. I haven’t met a single one bug in Sam’s Journey, and only maybe two or three times a sprite flickered in a different y position when being multiplexed.

As Sam’s playtime is longer than that of many PC AAA titles, this disproves at least a part of the PC developers’ excuses that you can’t get rid of all bugs prior to release because of the vast complexity.


Where the game deserves a lot of credit is the area of monsters. Not just that there are many of them, but the authors took a lot of care to make each one an original in their behavior. So there are monsters that patrol their platform by walking on it end to end, others that jump down to lower platforms if they can, some change their speed if they’re hit, some leave fiery footprints, some fly horizontally, others vertically, some just hop, others throw stuff at you, and then you get a whole new set of movement patterns from the fish in water levels.


The graphics are colorful and cute.

The price you sometimes pay for the variability of the graphics is that when you enter a new environment, it’s not quite clear what’s a platform that will support your weight (or a wall that will block your progress) and what is just background. Especially climbable stuff I often discovered by sheer luck.

The monsters are beautifully drawn. Not the style (Stefan, aka Big Users, has always had his own) but the mood of the graphics reminds me of another timeless Commodore classic: the Creatures series. All of the monsters are absolutely lovable, most of them smile … and are happy to tear you apart if they get the slightest whiff of a chance to do so.


There are nearly 40 minutes of original music by Alex Ney (also known as Taxim in the scene) in Sam, split into 18 tracks, each about 2 minutes long. And now comes the strange thing. When you spend 40-60 minutes in a level (which is about the time you need later in the game to find all the secrets and finish it with a 100% score), you hear the tune 20-30 times. I usually hate short tunes in games, but not a single one in Sam’s Journey turned out to be annoying. My musical experience with Sam’s Journey was oscillating between the tunes just being a part of the overall thing and me sometimes deliberately stopping to enjoy the tunes that I liked more.


When you throw tons of content at the players, they’re bound to have issues with a few grams of it. There are three bits I would change in Sam if I had the power.

The first one is a trivial controls issue: “enter the door” is the same direction as “jump” (up). What’s the problem with that? You go through a door and end up in a new location. What I often did was try to jump up to get a better initial idea of the level layout… and of course went back through the door (often meaning waiting for the previous location to load, then go back through the door immediately and waiting for the new location to load again). It kept happening to me even toward the end of the game; I never got used to it. If the going through doors was assigned to the down direction (or up+fire), the problem wouldn’t exist.

My second gripe is about the things that happen automatically. Even the game’s manual advises that it’s not always advantageous to activate a checkpoint. The thing is, you activate it by just passing by (or landing on it when jumping from above etc.). So sometimes you store your position even if you don’t want to, especially if you’re trying to get a score of 100%. Same goes for autocollecting the costumes. Too many times I ended up with a costume I didn’t want to use.

And finally, in their effort not to play all their trump cards too soon, the authors didn’t put too many secrets and new enemies into the first levels. Between perhaps the 6th and 8th level I initially thought, “Is that all Sam’s got to offer?” Boy, am I glad that I persevered and played on!


What I’ll remember for quite a while will be Sam’s Dracula, Spaceman, and Elvis personas, and countless monsters with their various movement patterns. The funny caterpillars, the hilarious elephants, the fireballs with fiery footprints, the… And the second boss. I loved the second boss, even though I had to play against him maybe 60 times to get it right!

The fireball, as I called him. Ain’t he beautiful?!

As the physical edition comes with the game’s soundtrack on a CD, I converted it to mp3s and tunes like The Green Hills, Under Deck, The Ice Caves, and Desert Sands are now in my playlist.

The secrets. Especially in the advanced levels, you often end up looking for the one last, very well hidden coin. And it’s always “Ah, there it is!”, not a “Bah, so it’s there…”

The end sequence. No spoilers, but Knights of Bytes know how to make a nice ending to a game. Loved it.

And then there’s the elusive quality called “playability” that can turn even a soundless game with ASCII graphics into a killer. Sam’s Journey woke up the passionate player in me. Because before writing this review, I finished Sam twice. The first playthrough was about 18 hours, which might be how much the game will take a casual player to finish. And then I decided that I want to see and know it all. I went for the 100% score. 30 hours, more or less. I doubt that in the last ten years, I sunk about 50 hours in one 8-bit game over the course of some two weeks.


Talking about Sam in the 8-bit community, one could hear all kinds of opinions, from that it can’t really be that good because it’s new to people taking offence at hearing that not everything in Sam is perfect.

So, what’s’s position?

Rational summary:

Biggest 8-bit jump and run of all time. 30 hours of captivating content. Zero bugs.

Subjective summary:

The best C=64 game since the commercial death of the 8-bitters in mid-1990s? Totally!

The best C=64 jump and run of all time? Yes.

The best C=64 game ever? No. But it’s up there in my top X.

Buy it. Play it! Love it!!!


As a bonus, we give you a gallery with one screenshot from every level, except for boss fights, so that we don’t spoil the surprises for you:

Level 01

Happy Grassland. The pink monsters are called Roamers, and Sam is soon going to be called Ninja Sam.

Level 02

Deep Woods. The hornets are invincible. If you jump into a gun, it will shoot you somewhere where you otherwise couldn’t get.

Level 03

Forest Cave. What will you find in the old mine?

Level 04

Ice Flowers. Pirate Sam climbing up a liana. The penguins have a funny pattern: they fly a short distance and then slide on their belly.

Level 05

Frozen Land. If I had collected the violet T-shirt, I would have become Elvis.

Level 06

Arctic Plains. Panic mode on, I’m under a penguin attack!

Level 07

Cold Castle. If the lightning-throwing mummy comes just a bit closer, my spaceman will be able to hit it with a stone. That’s what I call eclecticism.

Level 08

Beaver Bridge. Another reference to Giana here.

Level 09

Desert Heat. Ancient statues spit fire, a gun moving left and right, and you have to shoot it at the right time to avoid the fire and hit the other gun. I wouldn’t mind my desert a bit colder.

Level 10

Mystical Pyramid. The first really complicated level with a lot of secrets. Need to time my jump for the coin so that the wasps don’t sting me.

Level 12

Underground. After you dispatch the first boss, you go underground. When the ghosts are transparent, you can run through them. When they are white, they can harm you – but also you can harm them. And what if one of them drops one of the three trophies scattered around the level?

Level 13

Deep sea. The underwater parts of Sam are like a second game within the game. New physics, new monsters, new patterns.

Level 14

Glittering Cave. Snowmen roll snowballs at you. The balls get bigger and bigger as they roll. Nice touch.

Level 15

Spiky Tower. A kinda pop problem. Do I want to get Elvis if it means risking getting (a) Sting?

Level 16

Flower Shore. You can climb these nets. So climb to the top, jump up to get the diamond, jump diagonally over the wasps, jump up to get the second diamond, jump back…

Level 17

Pirates Ahoy! The pirate/ship levels are some of the best fun in the game. Not easy, not at all. But totally fun anyway.

Level 18

Elephant Tree. Don’t ask me how that elephant got onto the platform. It’s just there and you’ll have to deal with it.

Level 19

Wet and Dry. A lot of underwater action going on. Who would have thought that pearls can be used as ammo?

Level 21

Platform Hell. So you thought that if you get rid of the second boss, the game will give you a break? Wrong! Platform Hell is exactly what the name suggests, especially if you want the 100% score. In this part of the level, I have a bit of a hope: if I make the jump for the red T-shirt and don’t collide with the bat, I’ll get the Dracula form, which will make my life among the moving platforms a bit easier because I’ll be able to fly.

Level 22

Highlands Gate. Welcome to the Highlands. Fancy being flattened by a giant granite cube?

Level 23

Sunken Ship. Is that a turtle throwing an axe?

Level 24

Waterfalls. Alright, so that’s a lobster shooting its claw at you, while you’re carrying a huge key to the door to unlock it. Getting keys to doors is often difficult because while carrying them, you can’t use your special abilities.

Level 25

Fungus Lake. While other enemies have their steady movement patterns, the jellyfish always goes after you.

Level 26

Cloud Runner. Having a treasure chest and not being able to open it is unfortunate. Luckily, it also opens if it hits an enemy (while taking care of it too).

Level 27

Foggy Treetop. Hear the words of wisdom: never ever jump between two angry elephants. I bet you’d never figure that out on your own!

Level 28

Sky City. So, after I leave the net, I’ll collect the key, jump over (on onto) the two caterpillars, and then–should I or should I not exchange my Elvis outfit for the green Pitcher outfit?

Level 29

Chilly Challenge. Climb and grab and slide and jump and fly and avoid and… After all, this is the final level before meeting the final boss.

The beginning of the end

End of the Journey. Now let’s assume you have defeated the final boss. If you want to know what happens next, you’ll have to play the game to deserve it. Have fun!

Sam - score

The playtime is about 10 hours more than I actually spent with the game, as once I forgot to turn off the computer and the game ran overnight. The score is accurate though. Try to equal it!

On the cyber world of Thraxx, an evil baddie called Havok somehow returned after 10,000 years and started wreaking himselv. Or something. Plus he’s got his “nightmare creations” to help him, while everyone on the good side has died… I mean, everyone but you, the last survivor of the ancient Bladeknights. Normally, the Bladeknights would have probably kicked Thraxx’s bottom, but he somehow managed to destroy the Fireblade, the source of the Bladeknights’ power. So it’s up to you to find the 16 fragments of the Fireblade in the Undercity and then get medieval on Havok. And by the way, if the bad guy’s name is Havok, yours can’t be any other than Hiro.

Switchblade is a wonderful game. Do yourself a favor and play it. But, for the sake of your sanity, only on the CPC. Because there’s no other decent 8-bit version.

This introduction from the manual of Switchblade (a 1989 game developed by Core Design and released by Gremlin Graphics) competes with the epic emptiness of stories for Manfred Trenz’s games. But we’re not here to write literary reviews. We’re here to see the undeniable truth: that the CPC has always been the best 8-bitter of them all. Switchblade is just one random example out of the countless proofs.

I’ll put aside the title screen, which looks quite similar on all the three machines. Yes, three, because as usual, the game made it to the Spectrum, the C=64, and the CPC. It doesn’t exist for the 8-bit Atari, but it might actually be good for the platform, as it saves it from humiliation by the Amstrad version.


The intro tells the story you already know from the manual. It also tells us that the authors of the C=64 and the ZX version were, uhhh, not very smart.

Let’s say you’ve got a source picture from a machine with a better resolution or more colors. The picture is very small, and it’s the only piece of graphics on the screen. In the corner of a bloody eye, it features three colors, which might be a problem. The rest of the screen is just a very short text. What do you do?

On the ZX, do you try to shift the picture in the bitmap so that you don’t get a color clash? Or, perhaps, do you redraw the picture so that it’s slightly bigger and you always have only 2 colors in one character square? No, you don’t! You just convert it and get the clash!

And on the C=64? Do you overlay the critical area with a sprite (you could have up to ten different colors in the critical attribute square this way, if I’m not mistaken)? No, you don’t. You just obviously leave your brain switched off, too, and convert the picture from the Spectrum, including the bloody (pun intended) color clash!

Intro - ZX and C=64

The colors are different, the hardware is different, the unnecessary color clash is the same (left: ZX, right: C=64).

And now look at the CPC version.

Intro on the CPC

See? It is doable (CPC)!


Well, now you do. Now you’ll understand.

On the Spectrum, the game was bound to look ugly from the start. They just had to choose between ugly looks because of the attribute clashes or because of being monochromatic. And, congratulations, having gone monochrome, they managed to take the wrong decision again! As the background is more or less dithered (lots of dense dots), you can hardly see any objects or monsters if they’re not moving.

The first screen on the ZX and the 64

Left: blobs of dots on blabs of dots (ZX). Right: Ugly multicolor (C=64).

Knowing the game, I thought at least monsters would look decent on the C=64 with its fabled hardware sprites. But … this? Either they just, again, converted the ZX version (might as well be it, as the game get suspiciously slow as soon as you get more enemies on the screen, so it might be animated bitmap instead of the sprites, which would cost the C=64 next to no processor time), or I’d rename the sprites to ha-ha-ha-hardware sprites. Yes, the monsters are that laughable!

And now look at the CPC version.

The first screen on the CPC

So much of a difference (CPC)!!!


As you’re exploring first the surface of the planet and then the Undercity, you’re looking for the 16 pieces of the Fireblade. There are many bonus items that increase your score or attack abilities, but if you’re skillful, you can do without them. But without the Fireblade, you can’t do, because only when you collect all the bits, you can wreak havoc on Havok. And to get to those bits, you’ll first have to discover that not all the walls are alike in the game. Wink, wink, nudge, nudge. Well, you might call the wall part a puzzle, but do you think the C=64 and ZX help you find the parts of the sword? Of course not! In some cases, especially on the Spectrum, you can’t even distinguish them from the backdrops.

Where is the sword on the ZX and the 64?

Where on Tarxx would you look for the first part of the sword (left: ZX, right: C=64)?

And now look at the CPC version.

See the sword now on the CPC?

Just a bit of an extra color, and you know where it is (CPC)!


The area where I couldn’t see why the ZX and the C=64 couldn’t be on par with the CPC version was the sound department. I’ve never minded about the AY, and some say the C=64’s SID isn’t that bad either. Well, the C=64 sound was a shock… and not a positive one. The Commodore versions of the tunes sound like they’re coming from a beeper. Even though I thought that was what the Speccy originally had. The Spectrum sounds better, but still like in the early ’80s when the musicians where just happy that the machine made any sound. The CPC tune then renders the same melody in a much fuller and more atmospheric sound.


Surprisingly, the game behaves almost identical on all the three platforms. The layout of the rooms is the same, the speed movement is the same, the jump lenght is the same, you get more or less the same bonuses in the same places. However, this is one of the cases when the graphics and the music make or break your experience. If the music is crap, there’s no real immersion, and if you can’t make out what’s what on the screen, it significantly hampers your experience.

Some not-so-nice monsters on the ZX and C=64

Can you find the monsters? And if so, can you enjoy them (Left: ZX, right: C=64)?

A screen with monsters on the CPC

Now that‘s what I call monsters (CPC)!


Switchblade is a wonderful game. It’s full of secrets. It’s full of surprises. It’s huge. Do yourself a favor and play it. But, for the sake of your sanity, only on the CPC. Because there’s no other decent 8-bit version.

I can’t say I don’t like games that have been made in editors. There appeared several game editors during last years on the Spectrum. The most well known is probably AGD, the Arcade Game Designer by Jonathan Cauldwell. I’ve seen many games that have been produced in this software and some of them aren’t really bad, some are even cool. One game that came into my spotlight last days is Impossabubble by Dave Clarke of Monument Microgames. The game’s his debut and it really, really impressed me that much, that I’m writing this short review.

Five lives are desperately little for this game! Btw. see the potion? Go pick it!

The game is about a bubble. If you’re familiar with those multiscreen maze games like Jet Set Willy, Monty series or so, this could be the exact description of the game and I don’t need to talk any further. Simply, a Jet Set Willy with a bubble as a main character instead of Willy. Hmm, okay, but that’s not a big deal. Well, maybe not. You control the bubble jumping on platforms and avoiding baddies, thinking of which way would be the best to pass the screen and collect flashing objects – potion bottles actually. What a classic! There are wind fans that get you higher if you can’t reach a platform by your normal jump, there are nasty bugs that kill you, there are unpleasant arrows and ugly spiders you really have to avoid. And you have just five lives for all that adventure, which is really not much. The game play needs a bit of training. After that, you’ll be able to go trough screens game quite easily. The controls are simple. Just keys for left, right and jump. Sinclair joystick (keys 6, 7 and 0) or Kemston joystick can be used instead, as well as the key H to pause the game, which could be handy in dangerous situations. It’s a 48K game with additional AY music, so your old rubber mate with an AY interface is the right setup. If you don’t have AY, you’ll just hear beeper sounds, but you won’t miss anything else from the game.

I’d say that graphics aren’t the state of the art, but all that is ballanced by well gameplay and excellent music.

I must admit that the graphics aren’t my cup of tea. They’re, say, oldschool. If the game came in 1984, it would be okayish. I can clearly imagine how Dave aka Bedroom Coder makes the game in 1984, sends it to a famous software house (would guess that someone like Artic Computing or Mastertronic might declare insterest) and then gets his money and lives happily on a tropical island for the rest of his life 🙂 So, yes. The graphical side of the game is very retro, but not bad at all! Kinda cute, I’d say. Now, let’s move on to the music. Whoaa! This is quite cool piece of AY sound! I love David Saphier’s track. It fits perfectly to the game and makes the gameplay super addictive. It’s kinda retro as well, It doesn’t sport much under-the-hood advantages of the AY chip, but the melody and arrangement are so good. Last but not least, there are in-game beeper sounds as well that make the audio experience complete.

I must say the money spent on this game wasn’t really a thrown out deal as I like the gameplay, the music and the retro feeling of all this project. The author says that he should produce copies on a real tape soon, so this would be something for retro collectors and true Spectrum gaming enthusiasts. Impossabubble can be downloaded as a digital copy for a tiny amount of money at

Uhm… Have I heard this name somewhere already? I think… actually i might! Ninja Gaiden, that’s the name of a Japanese blockbuster with errm.. a ninja. The Japanese word Gaiden (外伝) means Side Story by the way. This game was originally released in 1988 by Tecmo and has been ported to a wide range of computer platforms and consoles. However, the ZX Spectrum wasn’t in the list. But that changed this month! A bunch of indie developers – Jerri, DaRkHoRaCe and diver4d – took the Game Boy version – which is the 1991 Ninja Gaiden Shadow actually – and adapted it to the Spectrum. Wikipedia says about the game’s plot following stuff: Set three years before the events of the first Ninja Gaiden (NES), the player controls Ryu Hayabusa, who must save New York City from the forces of Emperor Garuda, a servant of Jaquio. Garuda’s minions include the cyborg “Spider”, kickboxer Gregory and his manager Jack, former military commander Colonel Allen, and the Japanese nobleman Whokisai (風鬼斎 Fūkisai). Hmm, sounds good. But what about the game? Well, the converted result is kinda cool. Let’s look at it.

Nice loading screen swearing a good gaming experience.

The graphics by diver4d are cute. Because of the fact, that the programmer took the same resolution from the Game Boy version, the whole game runs in a window in the middle of the Speccy’s screen and the rest are illustrations with these nice and cute graphics. The graphics in the game window, which is the only moving area on the screen, are a bit basic and monochrome, though. It is strongly visible that it’s converted and modified, but this fact doesn’t make the game any worse. There’s in-game music, also. It’s very retro, as it seems it’s just a conversion as well. The Spectrum can do better things, but this one was ment to be authentic. So no hardware envelopes and advanced drums. Just the plain melody with a couple of white noise rhythms.

The second round’s getting harder with the annoying birds.

The gameplay is surprisingly well. I used the standard QAOP-Space key combination with no problems. The ninja has to go to the right direction, kill all the enemies and reach the end of the level. Besides of that, there are special loot boxes with extras like energy pills, lives and weapons. Because the ninja is armed just with a sword at the start. Anyway, he can walk, can use the weapon against enemies but can also climb on walls and hold the poles when it’s necessary. Levels are often divided into more parts with different graphics. At the end of each one there’s a final boss. This is pretty standard in this type of games I guess, but there’s one more cool stuff: The game uses a level multiload, just like in the good old times. Remember? That could be frustrating for someone wanting to play the game from the tape, but hey, it’s kinda cool to see a new game using this old fashioned system. So whenever you play the game on, you can always turn the fastloading off in your emulator and enjoy loading each level separately, waiting, and rewinding the tape and loading the first level again when you make it to die.

Top left: Level 1, top right: Level 1 as well; Bottom left: Title screen, bottom right: Level loading from tape

The Ninja Gaiden – Shadow Warriors is a very nice piece of stuff. But the main thing is, that it is playable. No need to worry about slow loading of levels, as we have things like divIDE/divMMC or emulators in the 21th century. Go get it from the Internet and try it, it’s free and good New Stuff!

There is no point in beating about the bush. Oil’s Well is best on the 8-bit Atari… Wait, you don’t know Oil’s Well? Okay. Let’s explain it, you dumb Commodore and Zed Ex Ex Ex freax!

Oil’s Well is an early ’80s game by Sierra On-Line released in 1983. That was around the time when the C64 and the Speccy appeared but the 8-bit Atari was a strong player on the home computer market playground already – I mean the best machine, I’m telling ya! With a dedicated hardware for gaming, it was the ideal and natural choice for both developers and gamers. And that’s when Sierra came with their new game. The game is about an underground oil rig harvester that has to collect all oil from the underground deposit under the oil well. It looks like a Pac-Man on a stick and has a similar principle – to eat dots. The harvester is connected with the well by a telescopic tube, so it can get to the deepest places in the underground. But the underground corridors are full of horrible insect, and if they hit the harvester or its tube, one loses a life.

Title screen. Top left: Atari, top right: C64. Bottom left: MSX, bottom right: Colecovision

The telescopic tube is controlled by you, the player, by standard joystick movement and the fire button, which works like the telescope’s remote, so when you press it, the telescope starts to wind up. Thus you can avoid the nasty baddies. Sometimes, there are also bonuses going in random rows from random directions. Collecting them brings points or extra lives. But sometimes, a bomb that can kill your harvester unit comes, but it leaves your tube intact so you can avoid this danger easily.

The game came out for the Atari, C64, MSX, Coleco Vision, and the IBM PC compatibles. Let’s focus on the 8-bit ones, just mentioning that the 1983 PC version is very ugly and slow.

The Atari version is the best one. It has nice and colorful graphics, great sounds and excellent playability. The C64 version isn’t that good: the sounds are worse, and so is the use of colors. Some effects are missing altogether. Colecovision is, surprisingly, in the third place with high resolution graphics and sounds very close to the Atari version, but the color amount is limited. The last place belongs to the MSX, which has identical graphics as Colecovision version but a bit weaker AY chip sounds with no background kind-a-melody that’s present in other versions highlighting the game’s atmosphere nicely.

The first level. The Atari and C64 versions might seem identical, but if you take a closer look, you’ll find out differences. The MSX and Colecovision versions are almost the  same; you’d hardly find a difference. Top left: Atari, top right: C64. Bottom left: MSX, bottom right: Colecovision.

What is bad in the C64 version? One could say there’s nothing wrong with it. If you’ve played the Atari version before, you’ll see a lot of difference. First, the sounds are a bit simple. I’d be awaiting some more drama from the SID chip. It seems to me like a little boy was trying to make fancy sounds in V2 BASIC. Second, the graphics are really very similar to the Atari, the color palette is… erm… steady brown and pink, but, that’s just Commodore. Rather than this, I miss that the baddies aren’t appearing on the sides of the screen like on Atari, but they’re coming out of the C64’s border. But, that’s understandable for the hardware. Some elements like flashing bombs and bonuses are made in hires and that’s making a weird impression to me, namely flashing in random colors seems ugly. The C64’s color order in the memory is weird and it seems that nobody took care about smooth flashing effects.

Level two on the 8-bit Atari.

On the MSX and the Colecovision, things are substantially worse. Everything is in higher resolution than on Atari and C64, but there’s a lack of colors. All baddies are just white and they’re small like one text character or so, which looks and feels ugly. The only colored things are static graphics and the miner’s tube. Both versions seem like they’re running on a ZX Spectrum, although a ZX version doesn’t exist at all, actually. There’s nothing much more to say about these two versions, except the sound. On the Coleco, sounds are closer to the Atari version, while we hear just MSX’s AY chip simple bleeps on the other side. All in all, none of these two conversions are good enough to stand on the Atari’s step.

The verdict was clear since the beginning. Atari rulez! If you own a Commodore, you can feel quite a similar experience, but not on the other platforms. This is an Atari game, and you must play it now!

There are games that have cute graphics. There are games that have great playability. There are games that have a long playtime. And then there are games that have all of that. Mega games. And mega games deserve mega reviews. In terms of pictures (exactly 100 screenshots!), not text–so relax and read on. In case you’re really extremely text-shy, just scroll down to the mega gallery at the end of the article.


Hot Rod was originally a 1988 SEGA top-down racing arcade game. A very different racing game.

Hot Rod is one of the best racing games to ever hit the 8-bit market.


It starts with that it’s one of just very few overhead games where you don’t race on circuits. Instead, you’re driving across an unspecified country. Every three stages take place in roughly the same kind of landscape. The landscapes range from mountains to deserts to sea shores and from wilderness to cities. You’ll drive not only on good old tarmac, but also on dirt, sand, snow, and ice. So what you’re getting are 30 levels of scrolling awesomeness in ten different environments.

Hot Rod title screens

Title screens from the Spectrum (left) and Commodore 64 (right) version. The CPC one has no title picture.

Another huge difference is that unlike in other car games, Hot Rod isn’t about lightning-quick reactions. The pace of the game is quite relaxed, so it’s all about precision driving, not jerking the wheel in this or that direction as fast as possible. That is supported by a game mechanics that’s only possible in a game world: there are no collisions with other players. Your car can be in the very same place as your opponent’s, so everyone can take the racing line they deem the optimal one. This eliminates the most frequent problem of multiplayer car games, where you often get rid of the other humans as soon as possible through crashing into them and/or driving them off the track and then just cruise to victory. It practically asks for cooperative playing instead: sharing the available bonuses and trying to get both humans through all the levels.

Anytime you have a scrolling multiplayer racer, you have to solve the same problem: what to do with a player who’s lagging behind so much that they’d fall off the screen? Hot Rod bases its logic on one all-important variable: gas. You get extra gas depending on your place in each stage, and you can collect some on the road in the form of extras. You burn it with each second the road, and it’s a currency in which you pay for your blunders. If one of the three cars (up to two human players, the rest is played by the machine), for example, falls into the ocean or gets buried by an avalanche or a landslide, they’re resurrected at the cost of 20 gas units. Same goes for the time when they fall behind–the game puts them back among the competitors, but they lose 20 gas. If their gas tank gets empty–game over.

Perhaps the only traditional element of Hot Rod are the upgrades, which you exchange for the second most important indicator in the game: money. You receive money for your performane in the races, and in the CPC and ZX version also for collecting bonuses. Between the races, you can visit a parts shop and buy one of the 20 possible thingies that change the behavior of your car. These are engines, wings, bumpers, and tires for different surfaces. Yet even here, Hot Rod inserts its own little twist. Every shop has only select upgrades and you can always buy only one; therefore, you have to plan your upgrade strategy very carefully.

CPC Parts Shop

In Parts Shops, you can buy upgrades for your car. This one is from the CPC version.

In most stages, the roads and/or streets are closed for the race, but occasionally, Hot Rod gets a Gumballish touch, and you have to navigate among other cars, dozers, and rollers, and avoid being caught by the police or hit by a train. And sometimes you can take a shortcut that, in turn, is more difficult navigate – so if you’re good, you gain, if you make a mistake, you lose time (and possibly gas).


All of the above says how much creativity and effort went into the game, but what I’ve always loved about Hot Rod the most is how it all clicks together. You get a polished, immensely entertaining, variable, highly replayable eye candy monster of a game. Hot Rod is simply one of the best racing games to ever hit the 8-bit market (and my No. 1 personally). And its versions are a perfect example of that each 8-bit platform has its strengths.

Hot Rod found its way to the C=64, CPC, and ZX.

Podium ceremony

Top right: ZX Spectrum. Bottom left: C=64. Bottom right: CPC. This layout will be the same for all the pictures in the mega gallery below.

The best-presented version is the C=64 one. It has a neat intro, great music by Jeroen Tel, and makes the most of the Commodore’s hardware sprites and hardware scrolling. Everything is smooth and sleek. However, typically for C=64 versions of arcade games, there’s one big dent in all that beauty: the game lacks nine out of the original 30 levels (19-24, 28-30). Sadly, they are some of the best levels. As they are all from the final parts of the game, it looks as if there was a hard deadline and the publisher said, “We’ll just put out whatever we’ll have by then.” Back on the positive side, the C=64 is the only 8-bit version that has an end sequence – on the CPC and the ZX, the game just wraps (which I have always hated–I play games to win them, not to play them until I lose).

The C=64 version is also the best balanced of them all. It’s got to do with the brave, but ultimately bad, decision of the CPC and ZX converters to be fair to the human players and implement actual AI. On the C=64, you have your typical computer droids. They follow a predetermined path no matter what. It’s a little dull, very predictable–but it works. On the Z80-based machines, the computer tries to find the best way through the level on the fly, reacting to what’s currently happening on the screen. The problem is that the AI is too weak. Once you throw it off balance, it usually fails to get back on track and your victory in that level is guaranteed. Yet, when the AI works well, the racing is more fun than on the C=64, as the computer also upgrades its cars, and if you let it grow, it becomes a tough opponent. When a computer car gets a game over, a new car is pitted against you, starting from scratch without any upgrades.

The Z80 versions have somewhat broken economy

Another bit of balancing that the C=64 version got right is the economy. On the Speccy, and esp. on the CPC, near the end, you have a lot of money and not much to buy for it (with most upgrades priced between $600 and $5000, the $48000 from the picture above is ridiculously much). While on the C=64, an engine will last you only 6 races, so you have to make sure to win enough money to keep replacing it–and remember the right levels in which the Parts Shops have the engines you want.

The CPC version of the game has all of the glorious 30 levels but pays the price for the hardware it runs on. Compared to the C=64 and ZX version, it feels kind of sluggish. There’s a delay between the time you change the steering and the time the car actually reacts. Which means that especially on snow and ice, where your car is already difficult to control by default, you have to do a lot of very anticipative driving. Apart from the jerky scrolling, there’s also a smaller game window, into which the creators tried to put all the necessary graphics, resulting in not much detail. On the other hand, compared to Speccy, the graphics are much more colorful. And the slower pace of the game can be an advantage for weaker gamers.

The ZX version has the least colors, but that’s the nature of the platform. The only serious problem with the graphics is that while on the C=64 and the CPC, there’s a red, green, and blue car, on the Spectrum, all the cars are black. And as they can all be in one place at one time, sometimes it happens that you’re happy with how brilliantly you’ve steered through a curve, to notice only five seconds later that your car actually is the one that ended in the barrier and that you’re mistaking it for one of your computer opponents. On the other hand, the hires graphics allow for a solid level of detail, and the game is as fast as it needs to be and very playable.


Having had a Commodore 64 for almost 30 years now, I’ve completed Hot Rod on the C=64 countless times already, but I loved playing through it on the CPC as well as on the Spectrum. And I heartily recommend you to do the same, because each of the versions has nice bits that the others lack. You can see it in the mega gallery that follows. And then? Stop reading, start playing!


In this gallery, you’ll find a screenshot from every level on each platform. What we’re not showing you is the end sequence. After all, this is a teaser. Enjoy it, drool, and then play through the game on your own. Have fun!

Level 01

Level 02

Level 03

Level 04

Level 05

Level 06

Level 07

Level 08

Level 09

Level 10

Level 11

Level 12

Level 13

Level 14

Level 15

Level 16

Level 17

Level 18

Level 19

Level 20

Level 21

Level 22

Level 23

Level 24

Level 25

Level 26

Level 27

Level 28

Level 29

Level 30

Parts Shops

Puzzle games never get boring until you remember all levels that you’re able to complete with covered eyes. The newest one for the Spectrum is called Stepping Stones and it’s made by guys around the SinDiKat club from Slovakia. Though, the original game idea and level design had been created by Emiel de Graaf.

The task is simple. You must reach the target rectangle by selecting and expanding stones with numbers to paths which lead to the destination stone. If a stone has number 1 on it, you can click it and expand it to left, right, up or down. If there’s 2, you get 2 extra stones, 3 for three, etc. If there’s another stone in the direction you expanded your numbered stone, an extra stone is added. But one can expect that if it’s a numbered stone, extra stones corresponding the number are added, but this doesn’t happen. So if you click on a stone numbered 3 and expand it to the right, and there’s another stone two positions next, doesn’t matter if with or without a number, you get four instead of three stones. It’s simple but the level difficulty’s increasing rapidly.

Fortunately, each level has its unique code you can write it down and continue from that point. You can also restart the level by pressing the R key in case you have no more possible moves. The C key is for entering the code, L shows a level grid where you can select an already reached level again, I’s for credits information and S stops or starts the music. If you make a mistake, you can always press U to make an undo step. The game controls are usual QAOPM or QAOP-Space. There’s no score counter, everything you need is to finish each level.

When I got the game, I’d absolutelly fallen in love with it. The graphics are very stylish, the whole game area is in light colors and the music, oh, the music is just excellent! I’m recommending this game to all Speccy enthusiasts and not only. It’s really a good game. It works on a 48K Spectrum and it’s good to have an AY sound interface to enjoy the fantastic music piece in the game. As an exception we provide a temporary exclusive download link until the game will appear at usual place like World of Spectrum. Here.

Sometimes, 8-bit life can go through funny twists and turns. We thought hard about how we could end 2017 at on an uplifting note, and in the end the note came to us on its own.

Maybe you’ve heard of the fine Atari folks who not only invented the wonderful MultiJoy interface (which allows you to connect eight joysticks to a single 8-bit Atari) but–even more wonderful–keep it alive through an endless stream of new multiplayer party games and patches to old games to work with it. These people have now updated the design of MultiJoy so that it will work also with the Commodore 64.

This is very good news because MultiJoy is extremely easy to code for and at a time when new hardware projects are often fragmenting the scene further instead of uniting it, it will be nice to have a device that works across several platforms.

Just as with the old version of the device, its schematics will be freely available, so the more skilled 8-bit enthusiasts will be able to build a MultiJoy on their own. Talks are now being held about how to bring it to the less skilled of us. There seem to be doubts about how many people out there would be actually interested in buying MultiJoy. As far as we know, we’re talking about a price point of around EUR 30.- (which, incidentally, is the price of a Competiton PRO joystick at Individual Computers, so we think getting an adapter for 8 joys for your 8-bitter for the same money would be a good deal).

We’ll let you know when the schematics go online and if there’s a way to order the adapter. As we are publishing this news with an explicit permission of the designers, the best you can do to support making a batch of MultiJoys manufactured is leave a comment expressing your interest under this article.